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Dynamometers, or “dynos” for short, are devices for measuring force, torque (moment of force), or power. For instance, the power generated by a motor, engine, or any rotating prime mover may be determined by simultaneously measuring rotational speed (rpm) and torque. Read More…
DynomometerDynomometers are used to determine the torque and rotations per minute of an engine. They are widely used for automotive applications and are also called dynos, dynometers or dynamometers.
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The R. D. Jacobs Company is an authorized dealer/distributor for Dillon Force Measurement Products since 1967. We specialize in mechanical and electronic dynamometers and force gauges, crane scales, load cells, force control switches, tension meters, and material testing systems.
A dynamometer could also be used to calculate the power and torque needed to operate a driven machine like a pump. In that case, a driving dynamometer or motoring is used.
A dynamometer which is designed to be driven is called a passive or absorption dynamometer. A dynamometer which can either absorb or drive is called an active or universal dynamometer.
How a Dynamometer Works
Dynamometers measure, record, observe, and evaluate all types of data from an engine. They measure the force applied or produced by a given device. They can measure both compressive and tensile strength depending on the design. In the vehicle industry, dynamometers measure the values of torque of engines and their power.
Considerations when Selecting a Dynamometer
The following steps/considerations will help in choosing the right dynamometer:
Maximum power absorption
Maximum rotary speed
Maximum linear speed
Maximum power absorption is the maximum rotational power a dynamometer may be subjected to and still function within specifications. This is generally limited by braking or absorption technology and configuration. The torque capacity is the maximum non-stop torque transmission designed for the shaft. Maximum rotary speed is maximum specified rotational speed under load.
Types of Dynamometer
The different types of dynamometers include:
Rope Brake Dynamometers
Rope brake dynamometers are a device for measuring braking power of an engine. It has some rope turns wound around the spinning drum connected to the output shaft. One side of the rope is attached to a spring balance while the other side attaches onto a loading device.
Chassis dynamometers measure vehicle wheel rotation by using computer software to calculate motor or engine torque. They are torque testers, which are stationary rollers upon which vehicles’ wheels are put and to measure their rotation.
Engine dynamometers take measurements right from the engine with low computer intervention. They utilize some analogue dials and gauges, although their final measurement is determined by a computer. They generate very accurate, reproducible results.
Fluid dynamometers absorb a range of power outputs generated by an engine’s spinning shaft. Power absorbing attributes are controlled by modifying fluid media attributes in terms of their temperature or density and viscosity.
Universal dynamometers have sensors for measuring speed, power and torque.
Water Brake Dynamometers
Water brake dynamometers comprise a variety of hydraulic types. It is an absorption dyno since it can only absorb power and cannot power an engine.
An AC Dynamometer is simply an AC motor or generator. It is a universal dynamometer since it can both absorb power and power an engine. AC meters are cutting edge and more commonly used in racing engines.
Driving dynamometers determine the type of motor needed to operate an engine. The components include a motor with meters and monitors attached to a measured device.
Absorption dynamometers are any of many dynamometers where energy measured is then absorbed by electrical or frictional resistances, like in a Prony brake.
It operates on the principle of dissipation of power in fluid friction instead of dry friction. It comprises an inner rotating part or impeller coupled with the engine’s output shaft.
Prony Brake Dynamometer
It comprises two wooden blocks, each of which hold about less than a half of the pulley rim. The two blocks may be drawn together using bolts, between springs, so as to improve pressure on the pulley.
Eddy Current Dynamometer
It is a chassis dynamometer type. That is, the machine measures twisting motion and subsequent power produced by the wheels of a vehicle. It has a disc or iron core which spins inside a magnetic field. The subsequently generated eddy currents act as the breaking force.
Applications of Dynamometers
In addition to being used to calculate the power or torque attributes of a machine under test (MUT), a dynamometer is employed in various other roles.
In standard emissions testing cycles like those defined by the United State Environmental Protection Agency, dynamometers are utilized to offer simulated road loading for either the engine (utilizing an engine dynamometer) or complete powertrain (utilizing a chassis dynamometer).
In fact, beyond simple torque and power measurements, a dynamometer can be utilized as part of a testbed for a number of engine development events like the calibrating of engine management controllers, comprehensive investigations into combustion behavior and tribology.
Advantages of a Dynamometer
The following are some of the advantages of dynamometers:
Does not need special calibration
Ensure safety on job sites
Reduce damage to objects under test
Increase work efficiency by providing reliable and accurate measurements
Variety of types to cater for numerous needs
Dynomometer Informational Video
Dynamometers Power Pages
A dynamometer is a measuring device used to determine the torque, force, speed, and power required to operate the drive on a machine or motor, which can be measured by evaluating the torque and rotational speed of a motor simultaneously...
An engine dynamometer is a device used to test an internal combustion engine that has been removed from a car, ship, generator, or any other accessory that uses one. The goal is to verify performance before reinstalling the engine in the equipment...
A calibration service is a service aimed at detecting the inaccuracy and uncertainty of a measuring instrument or piece of equipment. In calibration, the device under test (DUT) is compared to a reference of known value to determine the deviation of the measurement from the true value...